Two-tone “synchrony suppression” was studied in responses of single auditory nerve fibers recorded from anesthetized cats. Suppression thresholds for suppressor tones set to a fiber's characteristic frequency (CF) were approximately equal to discharge rate thresholds for CF tones. Suppression thresholds above and below CF were usually lower than the corresponding discharge rate thresholds. However, at all frequencies studied (including CF), suppression thresholds were higher than the corresponding thresholds for discharge synchronization. Across fibers, rates of suppression growth for suppressors at CF were greatest in low-CF fibers and least in high-CF fibers, and there was a systematic decrease in suppression growth rate at CF as CF increased. Within fibers, rates of suppression growth above CF were typically less than at CF, and slopes were monotonically decreasing functions of frequency. Within-fiber rates of suppression growth below CF were variable, but they usually were greater than rates of growth at CF. Iso-suppression contours (frequencies and intensities producing criterion amounts of suppression) indicated that tones near CF are the most potent suppressors at near-threshold intensities, and that the frequency producing the most suppression usually shifts downward as the amount of suppression increases. These data support the notion that synchrony suppression arises primarily as a passive consequence of hair cell activation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics