Surface strengthening of single-crystal alumina by high-temperature laser shock peening

Fei Wang, Xueliang Yan, Lei Liu, Michael Nastasi, Yongfeng Lu, Bai Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This manuscript reports a novel process of high-temperature laser shock peening (HTLSP) for surface strengthening of single-crystal ceramics such as sapphire and reveals its fundamental mechanisms. HTLSP at 1200°C can induce a high compressive residual stress on the surface of sapphire while minimize the damage of laser-driven shock waves. Transmission electron microscopy characterizations revealed high dislocation densities near the surface, suggesting that plastic deformation at an ultrahigh strain rate was generated by the high shock wave pressure. The HTLSP-induced compressive residual stress can significantly improve the hardness and fracture toughness of sapphire, while maintain its outstanding optical transmittance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Research Letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2021


  • Laser shock peening
  • alumina
  • sapphire
  • single-crystal ceramics
  • surface strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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