Surgical Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Patients with Severe Esophageal Dysmotility

Priscila R. Armijo, Dietric Hennings, Melissa Leon, Akshay Pratap, Austin Wheeler, Dmitry Oleynikov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and esophageal dysmotility are often disqualifying criteria for fundoplication due to dysphagia complications. A tailored partial fundoplication may improve GERD in patients with severe esophageal motility disorders. We evaluate this approach on GERD improvement in non-achalasia esophageal dysmotility patients. Methods: A single-institution prospective database was reviewed (2007–2016), with inclusion criteria of GERD, previous diagnosis of non-achalasia esophageal motility disorder, and laparoscopic partial fundoplication. Diagnosis of previous achalasia diagnosis or diffused esophageal spasm was excluded. Motility studies, pre- and post-upper gastrointestinal imaging (UGI), esophageal symptom scores, antacid, and PPI use were collected pre-op, 6 months, 12 months, and long-term (LT). Statistical analysis was made using SPSS v.23.0.0, α = 0.05. Results: Fifty-two patients met the inclusion criteria. A total of 17.3% had esophageal body amotility, 79.6% had severe esophageal dysmotility. A total of 65.9% women (mean age 64 ± 15.7), mean peristalsis 45.3 ± 32.6%, and failed peristalsis 36.0 ± 32.2%. Mean LES residual pressure was 15.0 ± 18.0 mmHg, and 40.7% had hypotensive LES. Mean follow-up time was 25 months [1–7 years], with significant improvement in symptoms and reduction in PPI and antacid use at all time-points compared to pre-op. A total of 74% had UGI studies at 12 months; all showed persistent dysmotility. Six patients had radiographic hiatal hernia recurrence, with only one being clinically symptomatic postoperatively. Three required dilation for persistent dysphagia. Conclusions: A tailored partial fundoplication may be effective in symptom relief for non-achalasia patients with esophageal motility disorders and GERD. Significant symptom improvement, low HHR, and PPI use clearly indicate this approach to be effective for this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2019

Keywords

  • Anti-reflux surgery
  • Esophageal dysmotility
  • GERD
  • Laparoscopic partial fundoplication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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