Survey of depressive symptomatology in brain injury resulting from intimate partner violence

Kathy S. Chiou, Jeremy A. Feiger, Mackenzie Cissne, Matthew Garlinghouse, Peggy Reisher, Kate Higgins, Shireen Rajaram, David DiLillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: A high prevalence of depression exists in specific sub-samples of survivors of brain injury (BI) sustained from intimate partner violence (IPV). However, the experience of depression by survivors of IPV-related BI from general civilian populations remains unclear. This study documents the symptom profile of depression reported by individuals who screened positive for sustaining an IPV-related BI. Methods: 36 individuals who screened positive for possible IPV-related BI completed the Beck Depression Inventory-2nd Edition (BDI-II). Subscales characterizing the nature of the symptoms were created. Frequency and descriptive statistics were calculated for item responses on the BDI-II. Participants were also assigned to high or low symptom severity groups to examine between-group differences. Results: Participants endorsed experiencing somatic symptoms more severely than self-evaluative and affective symptoms. Additionally, self-evaluative and cognitive symptoms correlated with total BDI-II scores for the high symptom severity group but not for the low symptom severity group. Conclusions: The findings highlight somatic symptoms of depression, in particular as a common experience among survivors of IPV-related BI. Further, self-evaluative and cognitive symptoms may be more sensitive in detecting depression after IPV-related BI. These results may aid in the development of guidelines to better diagnose and treat depression in IPV-related BI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBrain Injury
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Intimate partner violence
  • brain injury
  • depression
  • head trauma
  • mental health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology


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