Recent reports indicate that murine CD4+ Th1-type cloned T cells are insensitive to IL-1 because specific IL-1R are not detected on these cells and IL-1 does not modulate proliferative responses. However, we have determined that Th1 clones can respond to IL-1, because they function synergistically with IL-2 to induce granulocyte-macrophage-CSF secretion. This response to IL-1 plus IL-2 could be induced by IL-1α or IL-1β and by membrane-bound IL-1 on macrophages. However, IL-1R could not be detected, and Th1 cells did not respond to IL-4 in the presence or absence of IL-1, as measured by either proliferation or granulocyte-macrophage-CSF production. Therefore, IL-1 functioned as a cofactor in Th1 cells stimulated with IL-2, but not with IL-4. A possible mechanism whereby IL-1 activates Th1 cells is discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy