Rosmariquinone (1) and six analogues were chemically synthesized using an ultrasound-promoted Diels - Alder cycloaddition in yields of 35-90%. The analogues included substitution of the isopropyl at carbon 13 (C-13) with a hydrogen (5), methyl (6), or tert-butyl (4) substituent. The hydrogen-substituted analogue had the lowest yield at 35%, due in part to the instability of the compound to air, while the highest yields were achieved for the methyl (85%) and tert-butyl (90%) analogues. The 60% yield obtained for the C-14 methyl analogue (7; no C-13 isopropyl) may have been caused by the meta-substituted catechol inhibiting the cycloaddition. The final two analogues were ring A modifications and included the removal of one C-4 methyl (3; 80% yield) or both C-4 methyl (2; 85% yield) groups. The analogues were tested against rosmariquinone in light-sensitized oxidation of stripped soybean oil. Analogues 5 and 6 were significantly (P < 0.05) better antioxidants than rosmariquinone and all other analogues. The antioxidant properties of compounds 2-7 were not significantly different (P < 0.05) from each other while compounds 2 and 4 had significantly (P < 0.05) lower antioxidant activity than rosmariquinone. This study demonstrated the importance of structural characteristics of antioxidants and that natural antioxidants, such as rosmariquinone, can be improved through chemical modification.
- Antioxidant activity
- Diels-Alder cycloaddition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)