Synthesis and in Vitro Characterization of Trehalose-Based Inhibitors of Mycobacterial Trehalose 6-Phosphate Phosphatases

Sunayana Kapil, Cecile Petit, Victoria N. Drago, Donald R. Ronning, Steven J. Sucheck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

α,α′-Trehalose plays roles in the synthesis of several cell wall components involved in pathogenic mycobacteria virulence. Its absence in mammalian biochemistry makes trehalose-related biochemical processes potential targets for chemotherapy. The trehalose 6-phosphate synthase (TPS)/trehalose 6-phosphate phosphatase (TPP) pathway, also known as the OtsA/OtsB2 pathway, is the major pathway involved in the production of trehalose in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). In addition, TPP is essential for Mtb survival. We describe the synthesis of α,α′-trehalose derivatives in the forms of the 6-phosphonic acid 4 (TMP), the 6-methylenephosphonic acid 5 (TEP), and the 6-N-phosphonamide 6 (TNP). These non-hydrolyzable substrate analogues of TPP were examined as inhibitors of Mtb, Mycobacterium lentiflavum (Mlt), and Mycobacterium triplex (Mtx) TPP. In all cases the compounds were most effective in inhibiting Mtx TPP, with TMP [IC 50 =(288±32) μm] acting most strongly, followed by TNP [IC 50 =(421±24) μm] and TEP [IC 50 =(1959±261) μm]. The results also indicate significant differences in the analogue binding profile when comparing Mtb TPP, Mlt TPP, and Mtx TPP homologues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-269
Number of pages10
JournalChemBioChem
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 18 2019

Keywords

  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • carbohydrates
  • enzyme catalysis
  • inhibitors
  • trehalose 6-phosphate phosphatase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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