Systematic Changes in Preference for Schedule-Thinning Arrangements as a Function of Relative Reinforcement Density

Adam M. Briggs, Jessica S. Akers, Brian D. Greer, Wayne W. Fisher, Billie J. Retzlaff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We treated destructive behavior maintained by both social-positive (i.e., access to tangibles) and social-negative (i.e., escape from demands) reinforcement in an individual diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder using functional communication training (FCT). We then thinned the schedule of reinforcement for the tangible function using a multiple schedule (mult FCT) and later thinned the availability of escape using a chained schedule (chain FCT). Both treatments proved effective at maintaining functional communicative responses while decreasing destructive behavior to near-zero levels. In addition, treatment effects maintained when we rapidly thinned mult FCT to the terminal schedule. Throughout chain-FCT schedule thinning, we assessed client preference for each schedule-thinning arrangement (mult FCT or chain FCT) using a concurrent-chains procedure. Client preference reliably shifted from chain FCT to mult FCT as the response requirement increased and the proportion of session spent in reinforcement began to favor mult FCT. We discuss the clinical implications of these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-497
Number of pages26
JournalBehavior Modification
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • chained schedule
  • choice
  • concurrent-chains procedure
  • functional communication training
  • multiple schedule
  • preference
  • schedule thinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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