Systemic blockade of the hyaluronan receptor for endocytosis prevents lymph node metastasis of prostate cancer

Melanie A. Simpson, Janet A. Weigel, Paul H. Weigel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Tumor progression and metastasis are promoted by the remodeling of organized tissue architecture and engagement of molecular interactions that support tumor cell passage through endothelial barriers. Prostate tumor cells that secrete and turn over excessive quantities of pericellular hyaluronan (HA) exhibit accelerated growth kinetics and spontaneous lymph node metastasis in mice. The HA receptor for endocytosis (HARE) is an endocytic clearance receptor for HA in the liver that is also highly expressed in sinusoidal endothelium of lymph nodes and bone marrow, which are frequent sites of prostate cancer metastasis. In our study, we tested the hypothesis that HARE can act as an endothelial receptor for metastatic tumor cells with pericellular HA. In an orthotopic mouse model of prostate cancer, we delivered a monoclonal antibody against HARE that specifically blocks HA binding and internalization. This treatment fully blocked the formation of metastatic tumors in lymph nodes. No effects on primary tumor growth were observed and the antibody did not induce toxic outcomes in any other tissue. Our results implicate HARE for the first time in potentiation of tumor metastasis and suggest a novel mechanism by which tumor cell-associated HA could promote tissue-specific dissemination. "Published 2012 Wiley-Liss, Inc. This article is a US Government work, and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America."

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E836-E840
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012


  • HARE
  • Hyaluronan
  • Metastasis
  • Mouse orthotopic model
  • Prostate cancer
  • Stab2
  • Stabilin 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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