Systemic targeted delivery of antisense with perflourobutane gas microbubble carrier reduced neointimal formation in the porcine coronary restenosis model

Nicholas N. Kipshidze, Thomas R. Porter, George Dangas, Hamid Yazdi, Fermin Tio, Feng Xie, David Hellinga, Jana Fournadjiev, Roswitha Wolfram, Rufus Seabron, Ron Waksman, Alexander Abizaid, Gary Roubin, Sriram Iyer, Martin B. Leon, Jeffrey W. Moses, Patrick Iversen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypothesis: The antisense phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PMO), AVI-4126, has been effective in reducing neointimal formation in animal models following delivery by pluronic gels, local delivery catheters and coated stents. Greater flexibility of repeated-dosage regimens and reduced procedure complexity may be provided by systemic injection of AVI-4126 bound to perfluorobutane gas microbubble carriers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of perfluorocarbon gas microbubble carrier (PGMC)-based systemic delivery of AVI-4126 on expression of the c-myc in vascular tissue and restenosis after stent implantation. Methods: Seven pigs underwent stent implantation (3 stents/animal). Five pigs received IV injection of PGMC and 2 mg of AVI-4126 (AVI BioPharma). Two served as control. Four hours postprocedure, 3 pigs were sacrificed and stented segments analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and Western blot. In chronic experiments, 4 pigs (12 stent sites) were sacrificed at 28 days. Results: HPLC analysis of plasma samples of treated animals showed minimal presence of AVI-4126. HPLC of the treated arteries demonstrated easily detected concentrations of AVI-4126. Western blot analysis of the stented vessels demonstrated modest inhibition of c-myc. Morphometry showed that the neointimal area was significantly reduced in the AVI-4126/PGMC group compared with control (2.63±1.99 vs. 4.77±.1.71 mm2, respectively, P<.05). Conclusion: In the porcine coronary stent model, systemic targeted delivery of AVI-4126 using PGMC carrier significantly inhibited neointimal formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-159
Number of pages8
JournalCardiovascular Radiation Medicine
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

Keywords

  • Antisense
  • Nanoparticles
  • Restenosis
  • Stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Kipshidze, N. N., Porter, T. R., Dangas, G., Yazdi, H., Tio, F., Xie, F., Hellinga, D., Fournadjiev, J., Wolfram, R., Seabron, R., Waksman, R., Abizaid, A., Roubin, G., Iyer, S., Leon, M. B., Moses, J. W., & Iversen, P. (2003). Systemic targeted delivery of antisense with perflourobutane gas microbubble carrier reduced neointimal formation in the porcine coronary restenosis model. Cardiovascular Radiation Medicine, 4(3), 152-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1522-1865(03)00184-7