T-cell lymphomas in South America and Europe

Monica Bellei, Carlos Sergio Chiattone, Stefano Luminari, Emanuela Anna Pesce, Maria Elena Cabrera, Carmino Antonio de Souza, Raul Gabús, Lucia Zoppegno, Jorge Milone, Astrid Pavlovsky, Joseph Michael Connors, Francine Mary Foss, Steven Michael Horwitz, Raymond Liang, Silvia Montoto, Stefano Aldo Pileri, Aaron Polliack, Julie Marie Vose, Pier Luigi Zinzani, Emanuele ZuccaMassimo Federico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peripheral T-cell lymphomas are a group of rare neoplasms originating from clonal proliferation of mature post-thymic lymphocytes with different entities having specific biological characteristics and clinical features. As natural killer cells are closely related to T-cells, natural killer-cell lymphomas are also part of the group. The current World Health Organization classification recognizes four categories of T/natural killer-cell lymphomas with respect to their presentation: disseminated (leukemic), nodal, extranodal and cutaneous. Geographic variations in the distribution of these diseases are well documented: nodal subtypes are more frequent in Europe and North America, while extranodal forms, including natural killer-cell lymphomas, occur almost exclusively in Asia and South America. On the whole, T-cell lymphomas are more common in Asia than in western countries, usually affect adults, with a higher tendency in men, and, excluding a few subtypes, usually have an aggressive course and poor prognosis. Apart from anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma, that have a good outcome, other nodal and extranodal forms have a 5-year overall survival of about 30%. According to the principal prognostic indexes, the majority of patients are allocated to the unfavorable subset. In the past, the rarity of these diseases prevented progress in the understanding of their biology and improvements in the efficaciousness of therapy. Recently, international projects devoted to these diseases created networks promoting investigations on T-cell lymphomas. These projects are the basis of forthcoming cooperative, large scale trials to detail biologic characteristics of each sub-entity and to possibly individuate targets for new therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
JournalRevista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Europe
  • Hematologic neoplasms
  • Killer-cells
  • Lymphoma
  • Natural
  • Prognosis
  • South america
  • T- cell/ pathology
  • T-cell/classification
  • T-cell/epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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