Tailoring the microstructure of an oriented graphite flake/Al composite produced by powder metallurgy for achieving high thermal conductivity

Zhengyan Shen, Gang Ji, Ahmed Addad, Christine Labrugere, Yongfeng Lu, Jean François Silvain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

An Al matrix composite reinforced with 40 vol% graphite flake (Gf) was developed by powder metallurgy as a promising candidate for thermal management applications. Thermal conductivity (TC) along the orientation direction of the composite sintered at 640 °C was measured to be 452 W/m K, which is approximate to the highest TC value theoretically predicted by effective medium approximation model. The three underlying mechanisms responsible for such TC enhancement were clarified in terms of microstructure characterization. First, heat treatment of as-received Gf under Ar + H2 atmosphere resulted in reduction of defects on the edge contributing to improvement of interface thermal exchange efficiency between Al and Gf. Second, image analysis quantitatively confirmed that a step-by-step die filling process using the spherical powder ensures the perfect orientation of Gf in the Al matrix. Third, it was found that the TC of the composite increases with the sintering temperature from 580 to 640 °C. The formation of a small amount of fine platelet-like Al4C3 at the interface between the side surface of Gf and Al matrix indicates the desirable bonding state for minimizing interfacial thermal resistance, beneficial for the overall TC enhancement. Besides, the relevant coefficient of thermal expansion and bending strength were discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108513
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Volume118
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Graphite flake/Al composite materials
  • Powder filling process
  • Sintering
  • Thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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