We investigated the impact of inflammatory signaling in airway epithelial cells on host defense against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a major cause of nosocomial pneumonia. In mice, airway instillation of P. aeruginosa resulted in NF-κB activation in the lungs that was primarily localized to the bronchial epithelium at 4 h, but was present in a variety of cell types by 24 h. We modulated NF-κB activity in airway epithelium by intratracheal delivery of adenoviral vectors expressing RelA (AdRelA) or a dominant inhibitor of NF-κB before P. aeruginosa infection. Bacterial clearance was enhanced by up-regulation of NF-κB activity following AdRelA administration and was impaired by treatment with a dominant inhibitor of NF-κB. The TNF-α concentration in lung lavage was increased by AdRelA treatment and beneficial effects of NF-κB up-regulation were abrogated in TNF-α-deficient mice. In contrast, NF-κB inhibition reduced MIP-2 expression and neutrophil influx following P. aeruginosa infection. Therefore, inflammatory signaling through the NF-κB pathway in airway epithelial cells critically regulates the innate immune response to P. aeruginosa.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Apr 15 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy