Pulmonary Hypertension due to left heart disease is the most common type of Pulmonary Hypertension. Morbidity and mortality significantly increase once Pulmonary Hypertension is present. Treatment is aimed toward optimizing the underlying condition. Targeted therapy has been evaluated in small studies with mixed results. The goal of this systematic review is to identify the possible benefit and safety of Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors in Pulmonary Hypertension due to left heart disease with elevated pulmonary vascular resistance, diagnosed by right heart catheterization. Electronic searches using MEDLINE/PREMEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library were searched on 21 October 2018. Randomized clinical trials comparing Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors versus placebo in patients with proven Pulmonary Hypertension by right heart catheterization secondary to left heart disease (both heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and with preserved ejection fraction) and reported pulmonary vascular resistance were included. We identified 436 potentially relevant studies. After reviewing the titles and abstracts to exclude irrelevant articles, five randomized clinical trials were considered for the study. Sildenafil was well tolerated among all studies. Sildenafil was found to improve hemodynamics, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with elevated pulmonary vascular resistance. Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors therapy in patients with proven Pulmonary Hypertension due to left heart disease and elevated pulmonary vascular resistance by right heart catheterization may improve the quality of life, exercise capacity, and pulmonary hemodynamics. Further prospective randomized controlled studies are needed to confirm.
- PDE5 inhibitors
- congestive heart failure
- pulmonary hypertension
- pulmonary vascular resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine