Young children's relationships with teachers predict social and academic success. This study examines contributions of child temperament (shyness, effortful control) and gender to teacher-child relationship quality both directly and indirectly through the frequency of teacher-child interactions in the classroom. Using an NICHD SECCYD sample of 819 first grade children, four findings emerged: (a) children's shyness, effortful control, and gender contributed directly to teacher-child conflict and closeness; (b) children's shyness contributed to the frequency of child-initiated teacher-child interactions, and children's effortful control contributed to the frequency of teacher-initiated teacher-child interactions; (c) shyness related to teacher-child closeness indirectly through the frequency of child-initiated teacher-child interactions; (d) the frequency of child- and teacher-initiated interactions contributed to each other. Results inform practitioners and researchers of characteristics that put children at risk for failure to form positive relationships with teachers.
- Effortful control
- Teacher-child interactions
- Teacher-child relationships
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Sociology and Political Science