Team cohesion and individual productivity the influence of the norm for productivity and the identifiability of individual effort

Kimberley L. Gammage, Albert V. Carron, Paul A. Estabrooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated the potential moderating effects of productivity norms and identifiability of effort on the cohesion-performance relationship in team sports. The design was a 2 (high cohesion, low cohesion) × 2 (high productivity norm, low productivity norm) × 2 (high identifiability of an individual's effort, low identifiability of an individual's effort) factorial. Each participant (n = 324) read one of eight scenarios, with cohesion, norms, and identifiability systematically rotated, and indicated the probability that the individual would train during the off-season. An ANOVA showed a main effect for cohesion, F(1, 316) = 113.44, p < .0001, and norms, F(1, 316) = 19.61, p < .0001), and an interaction between cohesion and norms, F(1, 316) = 7.35, p = .007. The probability of off-season training was significantly higher for the high-cohesion - high-norms scenario than for the high-cohesion -low-norms scenario, with no differences under conditions of low cohesion. Directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-18
Number of pages16
JournalSmall Group Research
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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