Teratogenic potential of cocaine

B. A. Buehler, B. Conover, R. L. Andres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cocaine has been implicated as a potential cause of congenital abnormalities since the mid 1980s. Clinical studies have reported an increased risk of cardiovascular and central nervous system abnormalities as well as an increased incidence of limb reduction defects and intestinal atresias. The published data have not established an unequivocal link between cocaine and these abnormalities. The most compelling evidence for the role of cocaine as a teratogen is the increased risk of genitourinary tract defects. Although animal models have also yielded contradictory conclusions, it is intriguing to note that the abnormalities observed in these models are similar to those seen clinically. This review summarizes the clinical and basic research relating to the teratogenic potential of cocaine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-98
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Perinatology
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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