Testing Traditional Machismo and the Gender Role Strain Theory With Mexican Migrant Farmworkers

Laura M. Acosta, Arthur R. Andrews, M. Natalia Acosta Canchila, Athena K. Ramos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The current study examines the moderating role of traditional machismo on mental health outcomes. We hypothesized that machismo would enhance the effects of stressors that are incongruent with traditional machismo beliefs (discrimination, adverse childhood experiences [ACEs], and fear of deportation) on depression and anxiety outcomes but would not enhance stressors that are congruent (harsh working conditions and poverty) on depression and anxiety. Participants were 190 male Mexican migrant farmworkers. As hypothesized, endorsing high traditional machismo was associated with stronger effects of fear of deportation and discrimination on depression outcomes compared with low traditional machismo. The interaction of machismo and ACEs was not significant in predicting depression or anxiety. Moreover, machismo did not moderate the effects of poverty or harsh working conditions on depression or anxiety outcomes. Results partially supported our hypotheses and suggested that the effect of machismo on depression may be better understood in the context of value-incongruent stressors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-234
Number of pages20
JournalHispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2020


  • Latino migrant farmworkers
  • gender role strain
  • machismo
  • mental health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language


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