Bovine herpes virus 1 (BoHV-1), an important bovine pathogen, causes conjunctivitis and disorders in the upper respiratory tract. Following acute infection, BoHV1 establishes life-long latency in sensory neurons. Recent studies demonstrated that viral gene products expressed in trigeminal ganglionic neurons during latency stabilize β-catenin levels, an important signaling molecule that interacts with a family of DNA binding proteins (T-cell factors) and subsequently stimulates transcription. In this study, we provide new evidence demonstrating that BoHV-1 transiently increased β-catenin protein levels in bovine kidney (CRIB) cells, but not in rabbit skin cells. β-catenin dependent transcription was also stimulated by infection of CRIB cells. The β-catenin small molecule inhibitor (iCRT14) significantly reduced the levels of BoHV-1 virus during productive infection of CRIB cells and rabbit skin cells. In summary, these studies suggested the ability of β-catenin to stimulate cell survival and cell cycle regulatory factors enhances productive infection in non-neuronal cells.
- Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1)
- Productive infection
- β-catenin inhibitor (iCRT14)
ASJC Scopus subject areas