The Association of Immunotherapy with the Overall Survival of Inoperable Stage III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Who Do Not Receive Chemoradiation

Saber A. Amin, Michael J. Baine, Ibur Rahman, Chi Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Immunotherapy has been approved for stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as consolidation therapy after chemoradiation in patients whose disease does not progress after chemoradiation. However, many patients do not receive chemoradiation due to either the drugs' side effects or poor performance status. This study's objective is to investigate the association of immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy or Radiotherapy (RT) with the overall survival (OS) of stage III NSCLC patients who do not receive chemoradiation. Patients with stage III NSCLC who received either chemotherapy or RT with or without immunotherapy were identified from NCDB. The Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was implied to assess the effect of immunotherapy on survival after adjusting the model for age at diagnosis, race, sex, education, treatment facility type, insurance status, comorbidity score, histology year of diagnosis, and treatment types, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The final analysis included 32,328 patients, among whom 3,205 (9.9%) received immunotherapy. In the multivariable analysis adjusted for all the factors previously mentioned, immunotherapy was associated with significantly improved OS (HR: 0.76, CI: 0.71-0.81) compared with no immunotherapy. Treatment with chemotherapy plus immunotherapy was significantly associated with improved OS (HR: 0.83, CI: 0.77-0.90) compared with chemotherapy without immunotherapy. Further, RT plus immunotherapy was associated with significantly improved OS (HR: 0.62, CI: 0.54-0.70) compared with RT alone. In this comprehensive analysis, the addition of immunotherapy to chemotherapy or radiotherapy was associated with improved OS compared with chemotherapy or radiation therapy without immunotherapy in stage III NSCLC patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunotherapy
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

Keywords

  • chemotherapy
  • immunotherapy
  • national cancer database
  • non-small cell lung cancer
  • radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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