The basics of gait analysis

Luis M. Silva, Nick Stergiou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

28 Scopus citations


In this chapter we cover the basic principles of gait analysis. We discuss gait as a skill along with the definition of motor skill, more generally; we define gait analysis; present the periods and phases of gait; identify the most important spatiotemporal parameters to evaluate during gait analysis where we explore two special cases, the first being step width and lateral stepping, and the second stride/step time and gait variability; and we examine the determinants of gait. In addition, we present some of the more advanced principles with respect to modeling, such as the dynamic walking method and the inverted pendulum. There are many more topics with respect to gait analysis, but to include them here, we would need an entire book, not just a chapter. However, we wanted to give a solid foundation and cultivate a desire to dive deeper into the research performed in this exciting area of study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiomechanics and Gait Analysis
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9780128133729
ISBN (Print)9780128134405
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • Walking
  • energy expenditure
  • locomotion
  • pathological function
  • running

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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