The Cyber Aggression in Relationships Scale: A New Multidimensional Measure of Technology-Based Intimate Partner Aggression

Laura E. Watkins, Rosalita C. Maldonado, David DiLillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop and provide initial validation for a measure of adult cyber intimate partner aggression (IPA): the Cyber Aggression in Relationships Scale (CARS). Drawing on recent conceptual models of cyber IPA, items from previous research exploring general cyber aggression and cyber IPA were modified and new items were generated for inclusion in the CARS. Two samples of adults 18 years or older were recruited online. We used item factor analysis to test the factor structure, model fit, and invariance of the measure structure across women and men. Results confirmed that three-factor models for both perpetration and victimization demonstrated good model fit, and that, in general, the CARS measures partner cyber aggression similarly for women and men. The CARS also demonstrated validity through significant associations with in-person IPA, trait anger, and jealousy. Findings suggest the CARS is a useful tool for assessing cyber IPA in both research and clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-626
Number of pages19
JournalAssessment
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • cyber aggression
  • intimate partner violence
  • item factor analysis
  • technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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