The ecology of physical activity and sport: Merging science and practice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


A focus on the ecology of physical activity and sport will merge science and practice within the field of sport psychology. To support this contention, this paper identifies shortcomings of prominent theories within sport psychology by grouping them into meta-theoretical categories labeled dispositional-biological, cognitive behavioral, cognitive-phenomenological, and social-comtructionist. The solution to these shortcomings is an ecological meta-theory that definer the field of sport psychology as the study of how individuals encounter their physical activity and sport environments. Analysis and intervention of this targeted subject matter can be at the physiological, interpersonal, interpersonal, community, and/or institutional and public policy level. A meta-theory that defines ecological information within physical activity in sport as the primary subject matter of study and intervention will develop an autonomous field of study and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-276
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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