The effect of glycogen depletion and supercompensation on the physical working capacity at the fatigue threshold

Terry J. Housh, Herbert A. deVries, Glen O. Johnson, Sharon A. Evans, Gerald D. Tharp, Dona J. Housh, Rommie J. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of glycogen depletion and super-compensation on the physical working capacity at the fatigue threshold (PWCFT). Ten adult males (mean age 23 years, SD 3) volunteered as subjects for this study. During the first laboratory visit the subjects performed a maximal bicycle ergometer test for the determination of maximum oxygen consumption {Mathematical expression}. Between 48 and 72 h later, the subjects pedaled to exhaustion at a power output which corresponded to a mean of 76% of {Mathematical expression} (range, 72-80%) for the purpose of glycogen depletion. For the next 3 days, the subjects were fed a 10.5 MJ · day-1 low carbohydrate diet which consisted of 7.5% carbohydrates, 22.0% protein and 70.5% fat. The subjects then performed an incremental cycle ergometer test to the onset of fatigue or PWCFT, which was estimated from integrated electromyographic voltages of the vastus lateralis muscle. For the next 3 days the subjects were fed a 10.5 MJ high carbohydrate diet which consisted of 72.2% carbohydrates, 12.4% protein and 15.4% fats for the purpose of glycogen supercompensation. The subjects then performed a second PWCFT test. A paired t-test indicated that there was no significant (p > 0.05) difference between the means of the PWCFT values (depletion 246 W, SD 30; supercompensation 265 W, SD 28) and they were highly correlated at r=0.884. The results of this investigation suggested that the methods commonly used to affect glycogen depletion or supercompensation had no effect on PWCFT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-394
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
Volume60
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1990

Keywords

  • Electromyography
  • Glycogen depletion
  • Glycogen supercompensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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