The Effect of in-Service Methodology on Learning Transfer for School Personnel Managing Students following Concussion

Jennifer Parent-Nichols, Angela De Silva Mousseau, Joshua Cleland, Jonathan D. Lichtenstein, Arthur Maerlender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: It is essential to increase the knowledge base of teachers involved in facilitating return to learning in middle school students following a concussion. However, the best method to enhance the transfer of learning for teachers remains to be elucidated. Application of Adult Learning Theory (ALT) is a plausible solution to this problem. Purpose: The purpose of this randomized post-test study was to examine the effects of ALT on the transfer of learning in teachers who work with individuals with concussion. Methods: A convenience sample of 169 teachers at four middle schools were randomized to receive an in-service regarding concussion management either in ALT or traditional lecture format. Vignettes approximating classroom practice evaluated learning transfer. Results: one-way between subjects ANOVA revealed no significant difference between the methods of educational delivery on group assessment scores (p =.22). Additionally, a regression analysis did not identify any demographic variables that predicted learning transfer (p =.65). A statistically significant difference existed for four questions (1, 4, 7, 25) between the groups (p =.03,.02,.01,.00, respectively). These vignettes were those that assessed information that was likely novel to the learner. Discussion: The current study demonstrated that ALT applied to teacher in-service did not impact transfer of learning immediately post training compared to a traditional lecture format. Future research should continue to examine the effects of various educational strategies to enhance learning transfer for teachers managing students in the classroom after concussion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSAGE Open Nursing
StatePublished - 2020


  • application of evidence
  • best practices
  • health education
  • health literacy
  • program planning and evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'The Effect of in-Service Methodology on Learning Transfer for School Personnel Managing Students following Concussion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this