The effect of local life circumstances on female probationers' offending

Marie L. Griffin, Gaylene S. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


This article examines the influence of change in local life circumstances on the short-term criminal behavior of female drug-abusing probationers. Using a binomial hierarchical generalized linear model, we examine the probability that certain "discrete life events" act to modify or change criminal behavior in the short term. The findings indicate that participants' involvement in conventional activities results in the decreased likelihood of engaging in nondrug crimes but an increased likelihood of drug dealing. Faced with this contradiction, we suggest that the dynamics of offending are altered by the nature of the criminal activity itself and the way in which gender structures criminal involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-239
Number of pages27
JournalJustice Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law


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