41 Scopus citations


Music is often played in the operating room to increase the surgeon's concentration and to mask noise. It could have a beneficial effect on surgical performance. Ten participants with limited experience with the da Vinci robotic surgical system were recruited to perform two surgical tasks: suture tying and mesh alignment when classical, jazz, hip-hop, and Jamaican music were presented. Kinematics of the instrument tips of the surgical robot and surface electromyography of the subjects were recorded. Results revealed that a significant music effect was found for both tasks with decreased time to task completion (P =.005) and total travel distance (P =.021) as well as reduced muscle activations ( P =.016) and increased median muscle frequency (P =.034). Subjects improved their performance significantly when they listened to either hip-hop or Jamaican music. In conclusion, music with high rhythmicity has a beneficial effect on robotic surgical performance. Musical environment may benefit surgical training and make acquisition of surgical skills more efficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-311
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical Innovation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2010


  • da Vinci robotic surgical system
  • electromyography
  • kinematics
  • robotic surgery
  • surgical skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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