The Effect of Warnings to Timeout on Child Compliance to Parental Instructions

Leny D. Velasquez, Ana Cathcart, Abigail Kennedy, Keith D. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


One common component of behavioral parent training packages is the use of a warning prior to implementation of a timeout following noncompliance to parental instructions. The primary purpose of this research was to evaluate the effects of warnings on compliance. An alternating treatments design was used to evaluate compliance to warned versus unwarned timeouts with three typically developing children. All participants showed a significant increase in compliance upon implementation of the timeout package, either with or without a warning. However, compliance decreased over time in the Warning condition for two participants and increased in variability for a third. All participants had more timeouts in the No Warning condition. Results also showed preliminary evidence for parental preference of Warned timeouts. Implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-244
Number of pages20
JournalChild and Family Behavior Therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2 2016


  • Noncompliance
  • timeout
  • warnings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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