The effects of contingent and noncontingent attention on self-injury and self-restraint

K. Mark Derby, Wayne W. Fisher, Cathleen C. Piazza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Self-restraint and self-injurious behavior (SIB) are two responses that can sometimes be members of the same functional response class (i.e., maintained by the same contingency). In such cases, a single treatment should be effective for both responses. In this investigation, we examined the effects of providing attention (the presumed reinforcer) both noncontingently and contingent upon either SIB or self-restraint. Results were consistent with our hypothesis that both responses were maintained by attention and suggested that noncontingent reinforcement was a potentially effective treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-110
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Noncontingent reinforcement
  • Self-injurious behavior
  • Self-restraint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Applied Psychology


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