The El'brus-3 and MARS-M: Recent advances in Russian high-performance computing

Mikhail N. Dorozhevets, Peter Wolcott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The El'brus-3 and MARS-M represent two recent efforts to address the Soviet Union's high-performance computing needs through original, indigenous development. The El'brus-3 extends very long instruction word (VLIW) concepts to a multiprocessor environment and offers features that increase performance and efficiency and decrease code size for both scientific and general-purpose applications. It incorporates procedure static and globally dynamic instruction scheduling, multiple, simultaneous branch path execution, and iteration frames for executing loops with recurrences and conditional branches. The MARS-M integrates VLIW, data flow, decoupled heterogeneous processors, and hierarchical systems into a unified framework. It also offers a combination of static and dynamic VLIW scheduling. While the viability of these machines has been demonstrated, significant barriers to their production and use remain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-48
Number of pages44
JournalThe Journal of Supercomputing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • El'brus-3
  • MARS-M
  • VLIW
  • high-performance computing
  • parallel processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture


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