The electrically evoked auditory change complex: Preliminary results from nucleus cochlear implant users

Carolyn J. Brown, Christine Etler, Shuman He, Sara O'Brien, Sheryl Erenberg, Jae Ryong Kim, Aayesha N. Dhuldhoya, Paul J. Abbas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine if changes in the position of the stimulating electrode in the cochlea could be used to elicit the electrically evoked auditory change complex (EACC) from Nucleus cochlear implant users. DESIGN: Nine postlingually deafened adults participated in this study. Each study participant had been using his or her Nucleus CI24 cochlear implant for at least 3 mos before testing. The speech processor was bypassed and the output of the implanted receiver/stimulator was controlled directly. The stimulus was a 600 msec burst of a biphasic pulse train (1000 pps). In control conditions, the stimulating electrode was held constant and stimulation continued throughout the 600 msec recording interval. In experimental conditions, the EACC was elicited by introducing a change in the stimulating electrode 300 msec after the onset of the pulse train. The EACC was recorded using surface electrodes. Three recordings of 100 sweeps each were obtained for each stimulus condition. Bandpass filtering (1-100 Hz) was used to minimize contamination of the recordings by stimulus artifact. Averaged responses were then smoothed using a 40-msec wide boxcar filter and standard peak picking procedures were used to analyze these responses in the time domain. RESULTS: In each case, a clear onset response (P1-N1-P2) was recorded. In the experimental conditions, a second evoked potential, the EACC, was also recorded after the change in stimulating electrode. This second response had general morphological characteristics that were very similar to those of the onset response. Increasing the separation between the two stimulating electrodes in the experimental conditions resulted in a general trend toward increased EACC amplitudes. CONCLUSIONS: This report describes results of a set of experiments in which the speech processor of the cochlear implant was bypassed and the EACC was recorded in response to a change in stimulating electrode position. EACC amplitude was shown to increase as the separation between the two stimulating electrodes increased. Although preliminary in nature, these results demonstrate the feasibility of recording the EACC in response to changes in stimulating electrode position from individual cochlear implant users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)704-717
Number of pages14
JournalEar and hearing
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing


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