The emerging field of geogenomics: Constraining geological problems with genetic data

Paul A. Baker, Sherilyn C. Fritz, Christopher W. Dick, Andrew J. Eckert, Brian K. Horton, Stefano Manzoni, Camila C. Ribas, Carmala N. Garzione, David S. Battisti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


The development of a genomics-derived discipline within geology is timely, as a result of major advances in acquiring and processing geologically relevant genetic data. This paper articulates the emerging field of "geogenomics", which involves the use of large-scale genetic data to constrain geological hypotheses. The paper introduces geogenomics and discusses how hypotheses can be addressed through collaboration between geologists and evolutionary biologists. As an example, geogenomic methods are applied to evaluate competing hypotheses regarding the timing of the Andean uplift, the closure of the Isthmus of Panama, the onset of trans-Amazon drainage, and Quaternary climate variation in the Neotropics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-47
Number of pages10
JournalEarth-Science Reviews
StatePublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Amazon
  • Andes
  • Genomics
  • Molecular phylogenetics
  • Neotropics
  • Phylogeography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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