The FAcilitates Chromatin Transcription (FACT) complex: Its roles in DNA repair and implications for cancer therapy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genomic DNA in the nucleus is wrapped around nucleosomes, a repeating unit of chromatin. The nucleosome, consisting of octamer of core histones, is a barrier for several cellular processes that require access to the naked DNA. The FAcilitates Chromatin Transcription (FACT), a histone chaperone complex, is involved in nucleosome remodeling via eviction or assembly of histones during transcription, replication, and DNA repair. Increasing evidence suggests that FACT plays an important role in multiple DNA repair pathways including transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair (TC-NER) of UV-induced damage, DNA single- and double-strand breaks (DSBs) repair, and base excision repair (BER) of oxidized or alkylated damaged bases. Further, studies have shown overexpression of FACT in multiple types of cancer and its association with drug resistance and patients’ poor prognosis. In this review, we discuss how FACT is accumulated at the damage site and what functions it performs. We describe the known mechanisms by which FACT facilitates repair of different types of DNA damage. Further, we highlight the recent advances in a class of FACT inhibitors, called curaxins, which show promise as a new adjuvant therapy to sensitize multiple types of cancer to chemotherapy and radiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103246
JournalDNA Repair
Volume109
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • APE1
  • Cancer Therapy
  • Curaxins/CBL0137
  • DNA Damage Repair
  • FACT
  • Histone Chaperone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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