Anticoagulant agents, such as unfractionated heparin and warfarin, have been in use for roughly 50 years. Over the past decade, injectable agents such as low-molecular-weight heparins, pentasaccharide, and direct thrombin inhibitors have been major advances in preventing and treating thrombosis. Despite these somewhat recent additions, there is still enormous potential to improve on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of these agents, as well as improve patient outcomes. There are currently a large number of anticoagulant agents (injectable and oral) that could be available for use in the next several years. Many of these new agents have unique mechanisms that may provide practitioners with anticoagulant alternatives. This review gives a detailed analysis of the anticoagulant agents that may add to our armamentarium in the management of thrombosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)