The future of canine glaucoma therapy

András M. Komáromy, Dineli Bras, Douglas W. Esson, Ronald L. Fellman, Sinisa D. Grozdanic, Larry Kagemann, Paul E. Miller, Sayoko E. Moroi, Caryn E. Plummer, John S. Sapienza, Eric S. Storey, Leandro B. Teixeira, Carol B. Toris, Terah R. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Canine glaucoma is a group of disorders that are generally associated with increased intraocular pressure (IOP) resulting in a characteristic optic neuropathy. Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible vision loss in dogs and may be either primary or secondary. Despite the growing spectrum of medical and surgical therapies, there is no cure, and many affected dogs go blind. Often eyes are enucleated because of painfully high, uncontrollable IOP. While progressive vision loss due to primary glaucoma is considered preventable in some humans, this is mostly not true for dogs. There is an urgent need for more effective, affordable treatment options. Because newly developed glaucoma medications are emerging at a very slow rate and may not be effective in dogs, work toward improving surgical options may be the most rewarding approach in the near term. This Viewpoint Article summarizes the discussions and recommended research strategies of both a Think Tank and a Consortium focused on the development of more effective therapies for canine glaucoma; both were organized and funded by the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists Vision for Animals Foundation (ACVO-VAF). The recommendations consist of (a) better understanding of disease mechanisms, (b) early glaucoma diagnosis and disease staging, (c) optimization of IOP-lowering medical treatment, (d) new surgical therapies to control IOP, and (e) novel treatment strategies, such as gene and stem cell therapies, neuroprotection, and neuroregeneration. In order to address these needs, increases in research funding specifically focused on canine glaucoma are necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)726-740
Number of pages15
JournalVeterinary Ophthalmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019


  • aqueous humor
  • canine
  • glaucoma
  • intraocular pressure
  • optic nerve
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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