The Impact of Electronic Health Records and Meaningful Use on Inpatient Quality

Kate E. Trout, Li-Wu Chen, Fernando A. Wilson, Hyo Jung Tak, David Palm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is unclear if national investments of the HITECH Act have resulted in significant improvements in care processes and outcomes by making "Meaningful Use (MU)"of Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems. The objective of this study is to determine the impact of EHRs and MU on inpatient quality. We used inpatient hospitalization data, American Hospital Association annual survey, and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services attestation records to study the impact of EHRs on inpatient quality composite scores. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Inpatient Quality Indicator (IQI) software version 5.0 was used to compute the hospital-level risk-adjusted standardized rates for IQI indicators and composite scores. After adjusting for confounding factors, EHRs that attested to MU had a positive impact on IQI 90 and IQI 91 composite scores with an 8% decrease in composites for mortality for selected procedures and 18% decrease in composites for mortality for selected conditions. Meaningful Use attestation may be an important driver related to inpatient quality. Health care leaders may need to focus on quality improvement initiatives and advanced analytics to better leverage their EHRs to improve IQI 90 composite score for mortality for selected procedures, because we observed a lesser impact on IQI 90 compared with IQI 91.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-23
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of quality assurance : a publication of the National Association of Quality Assurance Professionals
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

Keywords

  • electronic health records
  • health services
  • inpatient quality
  • quality metrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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