The influence of primary blast wave on the posterior part of the eyeball

Junfei Tong, Linxia Gu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

With the increasing application of improvised explosive devices, the ratio of traumatic ocular injury significantly increased in the past decades, which has become the fourth most happened injury to military deployment. The ocular injury treatment is costly and has been less effective, which influences the military service and life experience of the soldiers. With years of research on the traumatic ocular injury through experiment or computational simulations, the primary blast wave related overpressure was found to induce macular damage, globe rupture. While the influence of the primary blast wave on the posterior part of the eyeball was poorly understood, such as the optic nerve. In this work, we developed a three-dimensional computation model, which included lamina cribrosa (LC), optic nerve and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The strain evaluated in optic nerve was found to exceed neural tissue's physiological loading range, which might explain the vision loss after the blast.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791852026
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
EventASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2018 - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: Nov 9 2018Nov 15 2018

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
Volume3

Other

OtherASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2018
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period11/9/1811/15/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

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