The influence of schematic knowledge on contradictory versus additive misinformation: False memory for typical and atypical items

Robert J. Nemeth, Robert F. Belli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the current study, we examined the influence of schema consistency on contradictory and additive misinformation. Sixty-four participants were shown a series of still photographs of common scenes (e.g., a kitchen), were later exposed to narratives containing misinformation, and were then tested on their memory of the photographic scenes. In addition, participants were asked to reflect on their phenomenological experience of remembering by giving remember/know responses. Participants reported greater false memory for schema-inconsistent items than schema-consistent items. The findings failed to replicate Roediger, Meade, and Bergman (2001). Explanations for the discrepant findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-573
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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