The Missing Link: The iSOAP Model for Incorporating Telehealth Within Simulations

Katherine E. Chike-Harris, Jacqueline B. LaManna, Dawn O. Eckhoff, Lynne Buchanan, Sara McCumber, Karen J. Corcoran, Joyce M. Shea, Carolyn M. Rutledge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Telehealth has escalated as a method for delivering healthcare. Faculty are now realizing that telehealth must be integrated within advanced practice registered nursing (APRN) education. With simulation being a leading method for teaching clinical skills, faculty need a structure for integrating telehealth within simulations. Method: Faculty members from varying advanced practice tracks were tasked with the job of creating simulations that included telehealth. They identified the importance of having a template to follow. Results: The iSOAP model for Telehealth Simulation was developed to aid faculty in developing simulation cases to represent telehealth encounters. Conclusion: The iSOAP model can be used to develop simulated experiences that enable faculty to educate and evaluate APRN students as they strive to meet required telehealth competencies needed for practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-51
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Simulation in Nursing
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • INACSL standards
  • case studies
  • simulation
  • telehealth
  • telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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