The Moderating Role of Dysfunctional Parent-Child Relationships on the Association Between Outward Anger Expression and Physical Health in Youth From Low-Income Families

Kassie D. Guenther, Tori R. Van Dyk, Katherine M. Kidwell, Timothy D. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The purpose of this study is to examine the role of outward anger expression on physical health outcomes (number of illnesses in the past year, 2-year medical service utilization, and health-related quality of life) while also expanding on previous research by assessing the moderating effect of parent-child dysfunction. Method An ethnically diverse sample of 125 children, ages 8 to 11 years, was recruited from a family medicine practice serving a low-income population. Results High levels of outward anger expression were related to a greater number of illnesses, greater medical service utilization, and lower health-related quality of life. Additionally, worse parent-child dysfunction exacerbated this relationship for a number of illnesses and medical service utilization. Conclusion Results suggest that health care providers should consider the influence of environmental and familial factors on the physical health of children with anger. Recommendations for identifying at-risk youth and improving anger expression as well as parent-child relationships are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-373
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Health Care
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Anger expression
  • low-income youth
  • parent-child dysfunction
  • physical health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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