The human ATP-binding cassette superfamily G (White) member 2 (ABCG2) gene and its murine homologue breast cancer resistance protein 1 (Bcrp1) are recently described ATP-binding cassette transporters associated with drug resistance in tumor cell lines, including the MCF-7 cell line, selected for its resistance to mitoxantrone (MCF-7/MitoR). Infection of MCF-7 cells with the retroviral vector containing ABCG2 cDNA (G1-ABCG2) resulted in cells (MCF-7/ABCG2) that were resistant to mitoxantrone at levels similar to those observed in MCF-7/MitoR cells. Previous studies have shown that pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells overexpress the multidrug-resistant transport (MDR1) gene and efflux rhodamine, a substrate for the MDR1 transporter. Other studies have identified a primitive hematopoietic stem cell population, or side population (SP) cells, which are identified by their efflux of the fluorescent dye, Hoechst 33342. In an attempt to identify the transport genes responsible for this phenotype, we examined the uptake of Hoechst 33342 into MCF-7, MCF-7/MitoR, and MCF-7 cells infected with a retroviral vector expressing the ABCG2 gene (MCF-7/ABCG2). MCF-7/MitoR cells as well as MCF-7/ABCG2 cells demonstrated lower levels of Hoechst 33342 uptake compared with the parental MCF-7 cells. We also examined the level of the mouse Bcrp1 RNA in SP cells and non-SP cells isolated from mouse hematopoietic cells. Mouse SP cells expressed relatively high levels of Bcrp1 mRNA relative to non-SP cells. These results suggest that Hoechst 33342 is a substrate for the ABCG2 transporter and that ABCG2/Bcrp1 expression may serve as a marker for hematopoietic stem cells in hematopoietic cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research