The NMR solution structure and function of RPA3313: a putative ribosomal transport protein from Rhodopseudomonas palustris

Jonathan Catazaro, Austin J. Lowe, Ronald L. Cerny, Robert Powers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Protein function elucidation often relies heavily on amino acid sequence analysis and other bioinformatics approaches. The reliance is extended to structure homology modeling for ligand docking and protein–protein interaction mapping. However, sequence analysis of RPA3313 exposes a large, unannotated class of hypothetical proteins mostly from the Rhizobiales order. In the absence of sequence and structure information, further functional elucidation of this class of proteins has been significantly hindered. A high quality NMR structure of RPA3313 reveals that the protein forms a novel split ββαβ fold with a conserved ligand binding pocket between the first β-strand and the N-terminus of the α-helix. Conserved residue analysis and protein–protein interaction prediction analyses reveal multiple protein binding sites and conserved functional residues. Results of a mass spectrometry proteomic analysis strongly point toward interaction with the ribosome and its subunits. The combined structural and proteomic analyses suggest that RPA3313 by itself or in a larger complex may assist in the transportation of substrates to or from the ribosome for further processing. Proteins 2016; 85:93–102.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-102
Number of pages10
JournalProteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • NMR
  • hypothetical proteins
  • protein structure
  • structural genomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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