The prevalence and treatment needs of symptoms and signs of temporomandibular disorders among young adult males

N. Joseph Nassif, F. Al-Salleeh, M. Al-Admawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


A temporomandibular disorder (TMD) screening history and screening examination was performed on 523 young adult males. The screening forms were similar to those TMD forms developed and formulated under the auspices of the American College of Prosthodontists. In turn, the substance of the latter forms was initially derived from the recommendations of the President's TMD Conference of the American Dental Association, with 62 eminent researchers, educators and clinicians as participants. Each subject was given a TMD self-administered screening history form to complete, formatted in a check - the block format. It included all items considered to be classic TMD symptoms. The screening examination was performed extra-orally and included (i) range of jaw movement, (ii) digital palpation of selected masticatory muscles and palpation over the pre-auricular temporomandibula joint (TMJ) area and (iii) digital palpation for TMJ sounds during jaw movement. The subjects were categorized into the following four categories: 0 = no symptoms/signs, 1 = insignificant moderate symptoms and/or signs, 2 = significant moderate symptoms and/or signs, and 3 = severe symptoms and/or signs. The overall results showed that 75% of the subjects had TMD symptoms and/or signs. There were 6.9% in category 1, 51.4% in category 2, and 16.7% in category 3. It was recommended that subjects in category 2 and 3 should have a comprehensive TMD evaluation, in order to further identify the recommended need for TMD Therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)944-950
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Prevalence
  • Standardized TMD screening form
  • Temporomandibular disorder
  • Treatment needs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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