Neurotropic alpha-herpesviruses that infect mammals establish life-long latent infections in the peripheral nervous system after initial infection of exposed mucosal tissues. The neuroinvasive properties can lead to severe complications both with clinical and veterinary alpha-herpesviruses, and vaccines are often unavailable or provide limited protection. Here we assess the properties and efficacy of an R2 vaccine derived from the alpha-herpesvirus, pseudorabies virus (PRV), in pigs. We demonstrate that the PRV R2 vaccine does not invade the porcine peripheral nervous system within the limits of detection. Furthermore, after a single intranasal vaccination, R2 conferred protection to pigs subsequently challenged with a virulent PRV field strain (NIA-3). These findings support that the R2 vaccine design is non-neuroinvasive and is an effective vaccine in the context of a natural host.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases