The relation between profiles of leisure activity participation and substance use among south african youth

Melissa K. Tibbits, Linda L. Caldwell, Edward A. Smith, Lisa Wegner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


A large body of research indicates that leisure activity participation is associated with substance use for American adolescents, and that leisure may be an important context of substance use prevention. It is important to begin to apply what we have learned with American youth and extend the knowledge base in other countries with significant adolescent risk behavior. The current study examined the association between leisure activity participation and substance use among a predominately Colored sample of 3497 South African 8th graders. Males’ activity participation was characterized by five leisure activity profiles (Uninvolved; Sports and Volunteer; Mixed, Recreation and Hobbies; Mixed, Artistic; Highly Involved), whereas females’ activity participation was characterized by four leisure activity profiles (Uninvolved; Uninvolved but Social; Mixed; Highly Involved). Leisure activity profiles were significantly associated with past-month alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-159
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Leisure Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Cite this