The reversibility of the snuff‐induced lesion: an experimental study in the rat

J. ‐M Hirsch, P. ‐A Larsson, S. L. Johansson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Snuff lesions were induced in 30 rats. Ten of the snuff‐exposed rats were killed immediately alter 13 months snuff exposure, as were the 10 control animals. Ten rats were killed 1 month and 10 rats 4 months after the snuff administration had ceased. The rats exposed to snuff for 13 months exhibited hyperplastic, hyperorthokeratotic epithelium with focal mild atypia, focal ulcerations and marked subepithelial fibrosis. These changes were markedly reduced or absent in rats exposed to snuff and killed after a snuff‐free interval of 1 or 4 months. Similar differences between the test‐groups were seen in the epithelium lining the gingival sulcus of the lower incisors. This area seems to be more sensitive to chemical exposure than the oral mucosa proper as more severe microscopical changes were seen here. Snuff exposure results in the development of a hyperplastic, reactive, reversible lesion of the oral mucosa, suggesting that snuff predominantly has promoting activity when administered for a relatively short interval of time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-543
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Cancer Research
  • Periodontics

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