The role of adventitious reinforcement during differential reinforcement of other behavior: A systematic replication

Catalina N. Rey, Alison M. Betz, Andressa A. Sleiman, Toshikazu Kuroda, Christopher A. Podlesnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) is commonly used to decrease problem behavior by presenting reinforcers contingent upon the absence of a target response. Although it is well demonstrated that DROs decrease response rates, the processes producing these decreases are not well understood. The present study systematically replicated previous research assessing whether adventitious reinforcement of alternative behavior contributes to the effectiveness of DRO. We presented university students with two options on a computer and reinforced target responding on a variable-ratio schedule. Next, we compared decreases in target-response rates and any increases in alternative responding during DRO schedules versus yoked variable-time schedules or extinction probes. DRO schedules resulted in the lowest target-response rate and highest alternative-response rate. These findings generally provide some support for the adventitious reinforcement of “other” behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2440-2449
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adventitious reinforcement
  • differential reinforcement of other behavior
  • extinction
  • noncontingent reinforcement
  • omission training
  • translational research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Applied Psychology

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