Introduction: During the past decade, significant advances have occurred in the management of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NV-AMD). The advent of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy has shifted the treatment goal of NV-AMD from merely salvaging vision to improving visual acuity and maintaining a good quality of life. Aflibercept (AFL) is a significant addition to the arsenal of anti-VEGF therapies against the NV-AMD. In the index review, pharmacology and efficacy of AFL has been reviewed.Areas Covered: An extensive literature search was performed to identify preclinical and clinical studies performed to illustrate the role of AFL in NV-AMD. Randomized clinical trials evaluating other anti-VEGF agents were also included for comparison. Additionally, studies where AFL was employed to treat anti-VEGF-resistant cases agents have been reviewed.Expert Opinion: AFL is an effective agent in the management of NV-AMD and its efficacy has been found to be comparable to ranibizumab (RBZ). Additionally, AFL is a good alternative agent in patients with NV-AMD resistant to RBZ and bevacizumab (BVZ), and can potentially lessen the treatment burden. As more research is conducted, the role of AFL in varying dosing regimens, as monotherapy and in combination with other agents, will become further defined.
- Age-related macular degeneration
- anti-vegf therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry