The Role of Pharmacies in the HIV Prevention and Care Continuums: A Systematic Review

Natalie D. Crawford, Sky Myers, Henry Young, Donald Klepser, Elyse Tung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The role of pharmacists in the treatment of HIV has expanded beyond medication dispensing to include a host of cost-effective, evidence-based strategies across the HIV prevention and care continuums. However, wide-scale adoption of pharmacy-based HIV prevention and treatment interventions has been slow. We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the evidence on the role of pharmacists across the HIV prevention and care continuums. Thirty-two studies were identified, most of which provided evidence of feasibility of HIV testing and efficacy of non-prescription syringe sale services in pharmacies. However, only two studies implemented an experimental design to rigorously test pharmacy-based strategies. Notably, no pharmacy-based strategies have specifically targeted the highest HIV risk populations such as black and Latinx men who have sex with men, women, or trans populations. Efficacy trials and effectiveness studies should rigorously test existing pharmacy-based strategies to build greater support for wide-scale adoption and implementation. Moreover, in order to integrate pharmacies into the strategy to end the HIV epidemic, studies are needed to ensure that pharmacy-based HIV prevention and treatment services can reach the highest risk populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1819-1828
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • HIV continuum
  • HIV prevention
  • HIV treatment
  • Pharmacies
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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