The role of visual attention in predicting driving impairment in older adults

Lesa Hoffman, Paul Atchley, Joan M. McDowd, Richard Dubinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated the role of visual attention (as measured by the DriverScan change detection task and the Useful Field of View Test [UFOV]) in the prediction of driving impairment in 155 adults between the ages of 63 and 87. In contrast to previous research, participants were not oversampled for visual impairment or history of automobile accidents. Although a history of automobile accidents within the past 3 years could not be predicted using any variable, driving performance in a low-fidelity simulator could be significantly predicted by performance in the change detection task and by the divided and selection attention subtests of the UFOV in structural equation models. The sensitivity and specificity of each measure in identifying at-risk drivers were also evaluated with receiver operating characteristic curves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)610-622
Number of pages13
JournalPsychology and aging
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Attention
  • DriverScan
  • Driving
  • UFOV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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